BIMBA

学校新闻

毕业典礼演讲 | 林毅夫:精英要以民富国强为己任,并深知思路决定出路


题记:2021年6月26日,北京大学国家发展研究院暨南南合作与发展学院举办2021届毕业典礼,本文根据北大国发院名誉院长、南南学院院长林毅夫教授在南南学院毕业分享环节的英文演讲整理。为方便阅读,我们特将中文译文前置。

 

女士们、先生们:

很高兴在北大南南合作与发展学院的毕业典礼上讲话。借此机会,我向南南学院今年毕业的32名博士生和1名硕士生致以诚挚的祝贺,恭喜你们顺利完成学业,获得学位。

你们都在政府工作,有要务在身,但依然挤时间完成了南南学院的所有学业要求,成功走到今天。这是你们个人才智和能力的证明,更说明你们具有不畏困难、力求圆满完成任务的决心和意志力。你们值得为此而自豪。

各位都是自己国家的精英,真正的精英从来都以祖国的繁荣富强为己任。大家都来自发展中国家,帮助自己的祖国赶超发达国家是你们共同的梦想。然而,尽管你们的父辈和你们自己都已经为此付出了艰苦卓绝的努力,许多国家距离梦想的实现依然十分遥远。

在南南学院的课堂上,我们认识到发展中国家难以实现梦想的主要原因在于指导发展的思路不对。通过南南学院的学习,我们已经知道,要想帮助自己的国家实现工业化和现代化,最好的方法是按照自己国家的比较优势来发展,在市场经济中发挥政府因势利导的作用,把比较优势转化为本国的竞争优势。

我相信,带着从南南学院学到的新理念,你们将有能力帮助自己的国家实现强有力的经济增长,就像我的国家在过去四十年中所实现的一样。到那时,你们就是自己祖国的英雄。

通过学习,你们还认识到,在当今世界要想最大限度地发挥本国的发展可能性,需要充分利用国内和国际两个市场、两种资源,用好全球化是实现梦想的最佳方法。然而,我们看到的却是去全球化的势头和反全球化运动在世界多地时有出现,阻碍着我们的现代化努力。

当前,我们都还在抗击新冠疫情带来的威胁。未来几年,疫情、气候变化、金融和地缘政治等多方面的挑战和危机也难以消除。要想应对这重重挑战,最好的方法是开展国际合作。但是,我们却看到民族主义有回潮的迹象,阻碍国际合作的推进。

我希望,作为南南合作与发展学院的毕业生,你们能够坚持并发扬在南南学院学到的思想理念,以国际合作推进自己国家的发展与世界的和平。

在不久的将来,我相信你们的工作就将硕果累累。南南学院的老师们都会发自内心地为你们的成就欢欣鼓舞,所以请一定将你们取得成就的好消息分享给我们。

不可避免的,未来你们也会遇到各种各样的困难和挑战。请相信,你们在南南学院的老师们和同窗们都会随时伸出援手,做你们的坚强后盾。

最后,再次祝贺你们顺利完成了充满挑战的学业。期待很快看到你们的新成就。

请记住,你们永远是南南合作与发展学院的学生。

谢谢!

Ladies and gentlemen:

It’s a great pleasure for me to speak at this commencement of ISSCAD. I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate the 32 doctoral students and 1 master student fortheir completion of the very challenging program.

You are government officials, but at the same time, you study at this challenging program. You are able to compete all the requirements and to reach today, which shows your personal intelligence, and demonstrates your determination to complete the task. This is something that you should be proud of.

You are all elites in your countries, and elites have the responsibility for the prosperity of their motherlands. You are from developing countries and all share the same dream of becoming prosperous and catching up with the advanced countries. However, inspite of all the efforts which your fathers and yourselves have devoted, many countries still have not realized their dreams. In the class of this program, we have learned that the main reason for the developing countries unable to realize their dreams is that the ideas which guide their efforts are not appropriate.

In the program we have also studied that the best way to help your country become industrialized and modernized is to follow the comparative advantages of your country, and in the market economy with a facilitating government those comparative advantages will become the competitive advantages of your country.

With the new ideas you learned from ISSCAD, I am sure you can contribute to the dynamic economic growth of your country, just like my country has achieved in the past four decades, and you will be considered as a hero in your country.

We also understand that in the modern times, if you want to explore the potential of your country to a full extent, you need to utilize your domestic market, as well as international market, and you also need to explore the potential of your domestic resources, as well as international resources. These are what we learned in the class. To realize those potentials, globalization is the best way. However, we see the de-globalization trend and the anti-globalization movement emerge in some parts of the world, which become barriers to our efforts for modernization.

Currently, we are fighting against the threat of the pandemic. From this experience, we also understand that in the coming years we are going to face challenges from the pandemic, from climate changes, and from financial and geopolitics crises and so on. The best way to cope with those kinds of challenges is cross-border international cooperation. However, we also see some signs of nationalism which act asbarriers to international cooperation.

I hope, as a student of the Institute of South-South Cooperation and Development, with the spirit of ISSCAD, you will champion the idea of international cooperation for the development of your own country as well as for the peace of the world.

In the coming years, I am sure you are going to achieve a lot. As teachers of the ISSCAD, we would like to be cheer leaders of your achievements, so please share your achievements with us.

In the coming years, you will also encounter all kinds of challenges. Your teachers and classmatesat ISSCAD will be ready to be your supporters.

Let me congratulate your completion of the challenging program and we look forward to your achievements in the coming years.

Remember always, you are students of the ISSCAD.

Thank you very much!

 


分享到: